In hemodialysis, a machine filters out wastes, salts, and excess fluids from your blood when your kidneys lose their ability do this work adequately. This treatment can help your body control blood pressure and maintain the proper balance of fluids and various minerals such as potassium and sodium. Normally, hemodialysis is prescribed well before your kidneys shut down to the point of causing life-threatening complications. Regular treatments enable you to carry on with an active lifestyle despite having failing kidneys.
METHODS OF VASCULAR ACCESS
There are three methods of vascular access that allow the safe removal of blood from your circulatory system and its return. These are essential steps for the hemodialysis process to work:
Arteriovenous (AV) Fistula: This is a connection between an artery and a vein, usually from the arm you use less often. It is the best type of access but it takes several months to develop before reaching the point where it may be used for dialysis.
Arteriovenous (AV) Graft: If your vessels are too small to form a fistula, the surgeon may instead create a path between the artery and the vein using a synthetic tube called a graft. This type of vascular access takes a few weeks before it is ready for access.
Central Venous Catheter: if you need emergency hemodialysis, a catheter may be placed within a large vein in your neck or groin. This type of vascular access can be used immediately, but it is only for temporary purposes and must be removed within four to six (4-6) months.
DOCUMENTS YOU NEED FOR DIALYSIS
Doctor’s prescription for dialysis.
Treatment sheet, reflecting your last three (3) sessions.
Latest laboratory test results with blood typing.
Latest hepatitis profile, not more than 6 months old.
List of medications being taken.
Negative swab test result for COVID.
WHAT TO DO IN-BETWEEN TREATMENTS
Take your prescribed medication.
Limit your consumption of foods high in sodium, potassium, and phosphate.